Determinants of Indigenous Peoples' Health in Canada
Beyond the Social
The health disparities affecting Indigenous peoples in Canada might well be understood as a national epidemic. Although progress has been made in the last decade towards both understanding and ameliorating Indigenous health inequalities, very little research or writing has expanded a social determinants of health framework to account for the unique histories and present realities of Indigenous peoples in this country. This timely edited collection addresses this significant knowledge gap, exploring the ways that multiple health determinants beyond the social—from colonialism to geography, from economy to biology—converge to impact the health status of Indigenous peoples in Canada.This unique collection, comprised largely of contributions by Indigenous authors, offers the voices and expertise of First Nations, Inuit, and Metis writers from across Canada. The multitude of health determinants of Indigenous peoples are considered in a selection of chapters that range from scholarly papers by research experts in the field, to reflective essays by Indigenous leaders. Appropriate throughout a range of disciplines, including Health Studies, Indigenous Studies, Public and Population Health, Community Health Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, and Social Work, this engaging text broadens the social determinants of health framework to better understand health inequality. Most importantly, it does so by placing front and center the voices and experiences of Indigenous peoples.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Rethinking Determinants of Indigenous Peoples’ Health in Canada, Sarah de Leeuw, Nicole Marie Lindsay, and Margo GreenwoodPART 1: SETTING THE CONTEXTChapter 1: Structural Determinants of Aboriginal Peoples’ Health, Charlotte ReadingChapter 2: Two-Eyed Seeing in Medicine, Murdena Marshall, Albert Marshall, and Cheryl BartlettChapter 3: Inuit Knowledge Systems, Elders, and Determinants of Health: Harmony, Balance, and the Role of Holistic Thinking, Shirley TagalikChapter 4: The Spiritual Dimension of Holistic Health: A Reflection, Marlene Brant CastellanoChapter 5: Two Poems, Marilyn IwamaPART 2: BEYOND THE SOCIALChapter 6: The Relatedness of People, Land, and Health: Stories from Anishinabe Elders, Chantelle RichmondChapter 7: Being at the Interface: Early Childhood as a Determinant of Health, Margo Greenwood and Elizabeth JonesChapter 8: Cultural Wounds Demand Cultural Medicines, Michael J. Chandler and Chapter 9: Activating Place: Geography as a Determinant of Indigenous Peoples’ Health and Well-being, Sarah de LeeuwChapter 10: Embodying Self-Determination: Beyond the Gender Binary, Sarah HuntChapter 11: Take Care of the Land and the Land Will Take Care of You: Resources, Development, and Health, Terry TeegeeChapter 12: Raven Healing, Roberta Kennedy (Kung Jaadee)PART 3: WELLNESS IS KNOWING WHO WE ARE: CULTURE, LANGUAGE, IDENTITYChapter 13: Atikowisi miýw-ay¯awin, Ascribed Health and Wellness, to Kaskitamasowin miýw-ay¯awin¯, Achieved Health and Wellness: Shifting the Paradigm, Madeleine Dion StoutChapter 14: Miyo pimâtisiwin “A Good Path”: Indigenous Knowledges, Languages, and Traditions in Education and Health, Diana Steinhauer and James LamoucheChapter 15: Reshaping the Politics of Health: A Personal Perspective, Warner AdamChapter 16: Aboriginal Early Childhood Development Policies and Programs in British Columbia: Beyond the Rhetoric, Karen Isaac and Kathleen JamiesonChapter 17: Grandma and Grandpa and the Mysterious Case of Wolf Teeth in the House!, Richard Van CampChapter 18: Knowing Who You Are: Family History and Aboriginal Determinants of Health, Brenda MacdougallPART 4: REVISIONING MEDICINE: TOWARD INDIGENIZATIONChapter 19: Miyo pimâtisiwin: Practising “the Good Way of Life” from the Hospital Bed to Mother Earth, Patricia Makokis and James MakokisChapter 20: Reflections of One Indian Doctor in a Town up North, Nadine CaronChapter 21: Type 2 Diabetes in Indigenous Populations: Why a Focus on Genetic Susceptibility Is Not Enough, Fernando Polanco and Laura ArbourChapter 22: Determining Life with HIV and AIDS, Sherri Pooyak, Marni Amirault, and Renée MaschingChapter 23: Medicine Is Relationship: Relationship Is Medicine, Leah May Walker and Danièle Behn-SmithContributors
"[This book] offers new light in questioning the social determinants of health framework from a variety of Indigenous perspectives. It is a creative text that provides different vantage points not frequently found in books in this subject area. For anyone in the social determinants of health field, it is a must read. As well, it is a unique resource for post-secondary courses that teach community health, population and public health, health promotion, Indigenous studies, and Indigenous policy"... read more —Javier Mognone, University of Manitoba, International Indigenous Policy Journal
"This edited collection proposes an evolution of the social. Chapter contributors integrate a broader perspective, with the incorporation of Indigenous Knowledge as a frame of reference towards a deeper understanding of current realities. The majority of perspectives presented are at the same time uniquely Indigenous, to allow for a reconceptualization of how the health of Indigenous peoples is determined in Canada." ... read more —Hannah Tait Neufeld, University of Guelph, Journal of Canadian Studies in Population
"Determinants of Indigenous Peoples’ Health in Canada is a timely resource for educators of future health care professionals, policy-makers, and researchers through the use of transformative knowledge acquisition and application from Indigenous (two-eyed seeing) paradigms, while providing a thoughtful critique of Western discourse and its limitations when discussing Indigenous peoples’ health in Canada."—Danielle N. Soucy, Aboriginal Students Health Sciences, McMaster University
"This book offers new light, questioning our views about social determinants of health among Indigenous peoples in Canada. It is a creative text that I highly recommend."
—Javier Mignone, Department of Family Social Sciences, University of Manitoba
"This book provides a welcome corrective to mainstream writings that present simplistic and essentialist views of both culture and Indigenous status and how these operate to influence the health and wellbeing of Indigenous peoples. It is an ideal text for students, faculty, and practitioners across a range of disciplines concerned with health equity."
—M. Star Mahara, School of Nursing, Thompson Rivers University
Included with the textbook are PowerPoint slides for each chapter, which include questions for reflection and discussion and additional resources.
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