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Security and Risk Technologies in Criminal Justice
Security and Risk Technologies in Criminal Justice takes students through the evolution of risk technology devices, processes, and prevention. This seminal text unpacks technology’s influence on our understanding of governance and social order in areas of criminal justice, policing, and security. With a foreword by leading scholar Kevin Haggerty, the collection consists of three sections that explore the impact of big data, traditional risk practices, and the increased reliance on technology in criminal justice. Eight chapters offer diverse examples that are linked by themes of preventative justice, calculability of risk, the theatre and reality of technology, and the costs of justice. With both national and international appeal, this vital resource is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students in criminology, police studies, or sociology.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements Foreword: The Unarticulated Political Appeals of Security-related Risk Technologies Kevin D. Haggerty Introduction Stacey Hannem, Aaron Doyle, Christopher J. Schneider, and Carrie B. Sanders Section I: Big Data and Crime Risks Chapter 1: Technology and Resistance in Mass Preventative Justice Pat O’Malley Chapter 2: Can “Big Data” Analytics Predict Policing Practice? Janet Chan and Lyria Bennett Moses Section II: The Limits and Implications of Criminal Justice Risk Technologies in Practice Chapter 3: The Ion Mobility Spectrometry Device and Risk Management in Canadian Federal Correctional Institutions Stacey Hannem Chapter 4: Nodal Governance and Technologies of Control: One Approach to Risk Mitigation in Ontario Carrie B. Sanders, Debra Langan, Katy Cain, and Taylor Knipe Chapter 5: Enrolling Brain Imaging: How Psychopathy Becomes a “Neuro” Fact Martin Dufresne, Dominique Robert and Silvian Roy Section III: Changing Risk Practices in Criminal Justice Institutions Chapter 6: Policing and Media: Social Media as Risk Media Christopher J. Schneider Chapter 7: Risk Aversion and the Remand Population Explosion in Ontario Aaron Doyle and Laura McKendy Chapter 8: Smart Borders? Customs, Risk Targeting, and Internal Politics in a Border Agency Karine Côté-Boucher Conclusion Carrie B. Sanders, Stacey Hannem and Christopher J. Schneider Glossary Contributor Biographies Index
“Under the guise of technological progress and scientific rationality, criminal justice institutions are undergoing a quiet revolution. The shift toward predictive policing and preventive security, along with the technological systems designed to enable such practices, alters the very nature of criminal justice. This incisive book tracks these developments, particularly within the Canadian context, and highlights the troubling implications of these changes.”—Torin Monahan, author of Surveillance in the Time of Insecurity and Professor, Department of Communication, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
“This timely, concise volume superbly illuminates key trends in security and risk technologies in realms ranging from policing and border control to mediascapes and punishment. It is filled with well-researched and original empirical observations and theoretical developments across a sublime mix of chapters by highly distinguished scholars who were central to the debates about security and risk over the past two decades, as well as insightful work by Young Turks. This collection provides a much-needed, cutting-edge examination of ever-changing technologies that will be of interest to established scholars and students alike.”—Randy K. Lippert, Professor of Criminology, University of Windsor
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