Engaging ideas, transforming minds
Engaging ideas, transforming minds

We don’t actively support Internet Explorer

It appears that you are using Internet Explorer, which has been discontinued by Microsoft. Support has ended for versions older than 11, and as a result you may face security issues and other problems when using it.

We recommend upgrading to a newer browser such as Firefox, Google Chrome, or Edge for a much better experience across the web.

While this site may work with Explorer, we are not testing and verifying it, so you may run into some trouble or strange looking things.

Canadian Scholars’ Press
253 pages
6.75 x 9.75 inches
February 2019
Print ISBN: 9781773380827


In this seminal resource, Dr. Kiaras Gharabaghi identifies an underlying absence of unifying theory and practice in Canada's child and youth residential care and treatment services. By drawing on organizational examples from across Canada, Gharabaghi exposes how the historical dynamics of mediocrity and complacency have led to inadequate standards and practices within the system. More assuredly, this resource exposes readers to alternative ways of re-imagining a system that is designed from a space of care, healing, and growth that promotes autonomy for all young people.

This well-timed resource offers the child and youth services community a positive, constructive, and revolutionary framework for residential care and treatment that is fundamentally based on a partnership between caregivers and young people, their families, neighbourhoods, and communities. Dr. Gharabaghi’s sophisticated and provocative analysis of the system’s key issues is an essential resource for students, practitioners, and educators in the field of child and youth care and in the human services more broadly.


Table of Contents


“Dial Tone” by Cory MacKinlay

Introduction: The Problem of Translation

Chapter 1: The Voices of Young People

Chapter 2: Theoretical Foundations of Residential Care and Treatment in Canada

Chapter 3: Practice-Based Evidence for Excellence

Chapter 4: Institutional and Everyday Cultures

Chapter 5: Aesthetic and Sensory Contexts

Chapter 6: Beyond the Plan of Care

Chapter 7: The Lived Experience of Staff

Chapter 8: Networked Practices

Chapter 9: Residential Care and Treatment in the Context of Systems

Chapter 10: Re-Designing the Professional Landscapes for Residential Care and Treatment in Canada

Conclusion: The Case for a Democratic System of Care



Kiaras Gharabaghi

Kiaras Gharabaghi is a Professor in the School of Child and Youth Care and the John C. Eaton Chair of Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship at Ryerson University, specializing in child and youth care ethics, organizational change, and international practice. He has over 20 years of front-line experience in the child mental health, child welfare, and homelessness sectors.

A Hard Place to Call Home, Child and Youth Care across Sectors, Volume 1, Child and Youth Care across Sectors, Volume 2


“Kiaras Gharabaghi offers a powerful call to arms for us to re-examine residential child and youth care practice with a focus on the quality and effectiveness of our efforts on the lived experiences of the youth we serve.”

“This book comes from a place of genuine passion, sound academic knowledge, lived professional experience, and valid scholarship intended to ignite thinking differently and critically about actually translating the voices of young people into real action—a necessary transformation that is long overdue in residential care.”

Student Resources

General Student Resource - Download

Purchase Options