Working Women in Canada
An Intersectional Approach
Edited by Leslie Nichols
In this edited collection, Leslie Nichols weaves together the contributions of accomplished and diverse scholars to offer an expansive and critical analysis of women’s work in Canada. Students will use an intersectional approach to explore issues of gender, class, race, immigrant status, disability, sexual orientation, Indigeneity, age, and ethnicity in relation to employment. Drawing from case studies and extensive research, the text’s seventeen chapters consider Canadian industries across a broad spectrum, including political, academic, sport, sex trade, retail, and entrepreneurial work.
Working Women in Canada is a relevant and in-depth look into the past, present, and future of women’s responsibilities and professions in Canada. Undergraduate and graduate students in gender studies, labour studies, and sociology courses will benefit from this thorough and intersectional approach to the study of women’s labour.
- includes tables, case studies, a glossary of key terms, and chapter introductions and conclusions to assist with student comprehension
- encourages further learning by concluding each chapter with discussion questions, a list of additional key readings, and an extensive reference list
- provides a broad portrait of women’s work in Canada with contributions from over 20 scholars
Table of Contents
Table of Contents 1)Introduction to Women and the Social Context of Work 3 Chapter 1 Working Women in Canada: An Introduction 4 2) History of Women’s Work 31 Chapter 2 Canadian Women's Paid Work and Gender Equality 32 Chapter 3 The nonprofit and voluntary sector: Women’s path to leadership 64 Chapter 4 “Nothing but Work”: Black Women, Work, and the Black Female Entrepreneur 94 3) Current Work Experiences and Environments 123 Chapter 5 Unemployed and Underemployed Women in Canada 124 Chapter 6 Unions Are Definitely Good for Women--But that’s not the whole story 156 Chapter 7 Women's Occupational Health and Safety Understood Through an Intersectional Lens 184 Chapter 8 Violence Against Women among Female Professors in Canada 208 4) Women’s Diversity and Work 233 Chapter 9 Immigrant Women’s Paid, Domestic and Volunteer Work 234 Chapter 10 Sub-Saharan Francophone Immigrant Women and the Canadian Labour Market in the Minority Francophone Community of the Greater Toronto Area 258 Chapter 11 ‘Not just a job’: thinking about disability, work and gender 292 Chapter 12 Youth Labour Organizing in Canada: An intersectional sensitive analysis 322 Chapter 13 Clearing, Honouring, and Medicine-making: An Anishinaabekwe Perspective on Women’s Work in Canada 353 Chapter 14 The persistent invisibility of rural women’s labour mobility in Canada 386 5) Work Areas and Industries 406 A.Following women’s traditional work areas 407 Chapter 15 Childcare: Working in Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada 408 Chapter 16 Women, Aesthetic Labour and Retail Work: A Case Study of Independent Fashion Retailers in Toronto 435 Chapter 17 Understanding the Work in Sex Work: Canadian Contexts 469 B.Women Challenging Traditional Men’s Work Domains 495 i.White collar work 496 Chapter 18 The Public Women of Canada: Women in Elected Office in Canada 497 Chapter 19 Minoritized Faculty in Canada’s Universities and Colleges: Gender, Power, and Academic Work 525 Chapter 20 From the Woman’s Page to the Digital Age: Women and Journalism in Canada 567 Chapter 21 Gender Segregation in Medicine 591 ii.Blue collar Work 619 Chapter 22 Equity Shifts In Firefighting: Challenging Gendered And Racialized Work 620 Chapter 23 Work Adjustments and Black Women in Canadian University Sport 651 Chapter 24 Women in Manufacturing: Challenges in a Neoliberal Context 700 Glossary of Key Terms 722
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