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Women in the "Promised Land"
Essays in African Canadian History
Women in the “Promised Land” places African Canadian women’s lived experiences, identities, and histories at the centre of Canada’s past. This collection of original research edited by leading scholars in the field encourages readers to interrogate the idea of Canada as a “Promised Land” by examining the rich and varied history of African Canadian women. Spanning slavery in the early 1830's through to activism of the late twentieth century, this interdisciplinary collection draws on existing research from cultural studies, literary studies, communications, and visual culture to reframe familiar figures in African Canadian women’s history, such as feminist Mary Ann Shadd and civil rights activist Viola Desmond, in the wider African diaspora. This invaluable text sheds light on questions of the past, present, and future in the field, and is best suited for undergraduate courses in women’s studies, African studies, sociology, and history.
- contains interdisciplinary, accessible, and original work that examines African Canadian women’s history through a visual culture lens
- includes chapter abstracts, questions for discussion, and a bibliographic appendix
- encourages readers to make connections between African Canadian women’s history and emerging scholarship on race, indigeneity, and queer histories
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Calling to Her Brethren: Immigration, Race and Female Representation in the Life and Writings of Mary Ann Shadd by Cary Nassisse Solomon 13
Chapter 2: “servant, seraglio, savage or ‘Sarah’ ”: Examining the Visual Representation of Black Female Subjects in Canadian Art and Visual Culture by Charmaine Nelson 43
Chapter 3: Women and Children First: The Role of Black Women and Children in Southwestern Ontario’s Temperance Movement, 1840-1899 by Lorene Bridgen-Lennie 75
Chapter 4:African Baptist Women Organize: The Women at the Well by Sylvia Hamilton 98
Chapter 5: Intellectual History and the Visual Archive: Reading Photographs of the Reverend Jennie Johnson (1868-1967) by Nina Reid-Maroney 116
Chapter 6: “The Splendid Work Our Women Have Done”: African-Canadian Women in the Universal Negro Improvement Association by Carla Marano 136
Chapter 7: Labouring for Change: Narratives of African Nova Scotian Women, 1919 – 1990 by Claudine Bonner and Wanda Thomas Bernard 161
Chapter 8: Unsuitable to become Canadian: Change and Continuity in Racial Discourse in Canadian Political Consciousness A Mari Usque Ad Mare, 1850-1965 by Boulou Ebanda de B'béri and Dana Whitney Sherwood 181
Chapter 9: Mary Ann Shadd and the Canadian Political Imaginary: Citizenship and Experience in 19th-Century Canada West by Emilie- Andrée Jabouin 211
Appendix: Indigenous/African Colonization in Canada and Beyond: Suggestions for Further Readings 231
Selected Bibliography 239
Contributor Biographies 248