We don’t actively support Internet Explorer
It appears that you are using Internet Explorer, which has been discontinued by Microsoft. Support has ended for versions older than 11, and as a result you may face security issues and other problems when using it.
We recommend upgrading to a newer browser such as Firefox, Google Chrome, or Edge for a much better experience across the web.
While this site may work with Explorer, we are not testing and verifying it, so you may run into some trouble or strange looking things.
Classical Sociological Theory
Authored by the world-renowned sociologist Dr. Irving Zeitlin, Classical Sociological Theory is an abridged version of the popular textbook Ideology and the Development of Sociological Theory. Known for its comprehensive descriptions of classical sociological theorists and concepts from Enlightenment to the 20th century, this new, abridged edition features an updated introduction, extensive index, and 14 succinct chapters.
Dr. Zeitlin provides detailed explanations of essential philosophies; develops ideologies and theories within a historical context; and introduces readers to the classical critical thinkers of our time, such as Émile Durkheim, Karl Mannheim, Karl Marx, George Herbert Mead, Max Weber, and Mary Wollstonecraft. This is an ideal resource for undergraduate students of sociology, philosophy, social theory, and social psychology.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 | The Enlightenment: Philosophical Foundations
Chapter 2 | Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
Vindication of the Rights of Women
Chapter 3 | The Romantic-Conservative Reaction
—Hegel's Historical Synthesis
—Conservative Philosophy and Sociology: A Summary
Chapter 4 | Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
—The Advent of Positive Philosophy
—The Positive Method in Its Application to Social Phenomena
Chapter 5 | The Philosophical Orientations of Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Chapter 6 | Marx's Relation to Hegel and Feuerbach
Chapter 7 | Marx's Historical Sociology
—Marx's Famous "Preface"
—Productive Forces: Did Marx in Fact Assign Them Casual Priority?
—The Feudal Mode of Production
—The Asiatic Mode of Production: Its Significance for Marx's
—The Capitalist Mode of Production
—Was Marx a Social Evolutionist?
Chapter 8 | Max Weber (1864-1920)
—Weber's Dialogue with Marxism
—Feudalism: Weber's View and its Affinities with that of Marx
—The Asiatic Mode of Production: Weber's Fruitful Elaboration of Marx's Concept
—Western Capitalism: Weber's Complementary Analysis
—Social Class and Other Aspects of Social Organization:Weber's Revision of Marx's Class Theory
—The Charismatic Political Leader: Weber's Error
—The Historical-Sociological Method
Chapter 9 | Vilfredo Pareto (1848-1923)
—Pareto's Repudiation of The Enlightenment's Legacy
—Pareto and Science
—Les Systemes Socialistes
—Society Elites, and Force
—Pareto and Fascism
Chapter 10 | Gaetano Mosca (1858-1941)
—The Ruling Class
—Aristotle and Montesquieu
Chapter 11 | Robert Michels (1876-1936)
Chapter 12 | Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
—Durkheim and Saint-Simon
—The Problem of Order
—Order and Justice
—Durkheim's Sociology of Deviant Behavior
—Crime and Punishment
—Durkheim's Sociology of Religion
—Methodological Rules and Values
—The Study of Suicide
Chapter 13 | Karl Mannheim (1893-1947)
—Ideology and Utopia
Chapter 14 | George Herbert Mead (1863-1931)
—Mind, Self, and Society
—The "I" and the ""Me""
—The "Biologic I"
—The Philosophy of the Act
—More on Mead's Pragmatic Epistemology
“This condensed version of Zeitlin’s now classic textbook retains the wide-ranging spirit of the original by introducing students to the critical concerns shared by early sociologists, concerns that still animate many of the central debates in the discipline. A lively and thoughtful introduction to and immersion in the vitality of classical sociological thought.”—Dr. Mervyn Horgan, Sociology & Anthropology, University of Guelph
“As an analysis of classical sociological thought this book is unrivalled. No other author in the field can match the depth and precision of Zeitlin’s work.”—Lord Anthony Giddens, King’s College, Cambridge, and the London School of Economics
General Student Resource - Download